thus, 6 months is the recommended appropriate age at which to introduce complementary foods (1). breastfeeding should continue with complementary feeding up to 2 years of age or beyond, and it should be on demand, as often as the child wants. a mother can decide according to her convenience, and the child’s demands. the use of bottles with teats to feed liquids is more likely to result in transmission of infection than the use of cups, and should be avoided (13). for complementary foods to have 1.0 kcal per gram, it is necessary for them to be quite thick and to contain fat or oil, which are the most energy-rich foods. a young child’s appetite usually serves as a guide to the amount of food that should be offered.
figure 11 shows the energy, protein, iron and vitamin a gaps that need to be filled by complementary foods for a breastfed child 12–23 months of age. vegetarian (plant-based) complementary foods do not by themselves provide enough iron and zinc to meet all the needs of an infant or young child aged 6–23 months. concerns about potential allergic effects are a common reason for families to restrict certain foods in the diets of infants and young children. as a rule, fortified foods should be preferred to iron supplements for children during the complementary feeding period. table 3 lists types of foods, the principle nutrients they contain, and how they can be fed to children for good complementary feeding. publications of the world health organization can be obtained from who press, world health organization, 20 avenue appia, 1211 geneva 27, switzerland (tel.
start at six months of age with small amounts of food and increase the quantity as the child gets older, while maintaining frequent breastfeeding. gradually increase food consistency and variety as the infant gets older, adapting to the infant’s requirements and abilities. increase the number of times that the child is fed complementary foods as he/she gets older. for the average healthy breastfed infant, meals of complementary foods should be provided 2–3 times per day at 6–8 months of age and 3–4 times per day at 9–11 and 12–24 months of age, with additional nutritious snacks (such as a piece of fruit or bread or chapatti with nut paste) offered once or twice a day, as desired. fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin a should be eaten daily.
use fortified complementary foods or vitamin–mineral supplements for the infant, as needed. after illness, give food more often than usual and encourage the child to eat more. the ‘guiding principles for complementary feeding of the breastfed child (2003)’ was written by kathryn dewey. requests for permission to reproduce or translate who publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to who press, at the above address (fax: +41 22 791 4806; e-mail: tni.ohw@snoissimrep). geneva: world health organization; 2009. appendix v, guiding principles for complementary feeding of the breastfed child (2003)
complementary feeding means giving other foods in addition to breast milk. appetite is a good guide to the amount of food a child needs. guiding principles for complementary feeding of the breastfed child. practise exclusive breastfeeding from birth to 6 months of age, and introduce complementary practise exclusive breastfeeding from birth to six months of age, and introduce complementary foods at six months of age (180 days) while continuing to, complementary feeding ppt, complementary feeding ppt, complementary feeding pdf, supplementary feeding for infants, complementary feeding and weaning.
who recommends that infants start receiving complementary foods at 6 months of age in addition to breast milk. initially, they should receive complementary foods 2u20133 times a day between 6u20138 months and increase to 3u20134 times daily between 9u201311 months and 12u201324 months. the word “weaning” is now replaced by complementary feeding—the process of introduction of suitable semi-solid food at the right age. there is critical window tbs, 1 tablespoon=15g of fruit or vegetables; 7-9g of legumes; 8-10g of powdered infant cereal; 9-10g of rice, noodles, potato; 5g of meat or poultry; 10-15g tbs, 1 tablespoon = 15 g of fruit or vegetables; 7-9 g of legumes; 8-10 g of powdered infant cereal; 9-10 g of rice, noodles, potato; 5 g of meat or poultry; 10, types of complementary feeding, what foods should be avoided when complementary feeding a baby? why?, complementary feeding age, supplementary feeding and complementary feeding, list of complementary foods for infants, benefits of complementary feeding, types of complementary feeding pdf, problems associated with complementary feeding, complementary feeding and supplementary feeding ppt, importance of complementary feeding ppt.
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