the v-12 navy college training program was designed to supplement the force of commissioned officers in the united states navy during world war ii. some even returned from their naval obligations to earn a degree from the colleges where they were previously stationed. the purpose of the v-12 program was to generate a large number of officers for both the u.s. navy and marine corps to meet the demands of world war ii, in excess of the number that was turned out annually by the united states naval academy at annapolis and standing u.s. naval reserve midshipmen’s school. on october 14, 1942, the american council on education issued a report on how best to use colleges and universities for the war effort. the v-12 navy college training program and the army specialized training program were jointly announced on december 12, 1942.
unlike the astp, v-12 students were allowed to attend classes with civilian students and participate in athletics. captain arthur s. adams, from the training division of the bureau of naval personnel, was the officer-in-charge of the v-12 program. vice admiral randall jacobs, may 14, 1943 the v-12 program was economically and functionally beneficial to undergraduate colleges and universities in maintaining enrollments during a general mobilization of manpower for the war, and also met and exceeded critical needs of the military. of the 131 institutions selected for line units, approximately 100 could be considered “small,” and eighty-eight were private institutions.  after the v-12 program got underway on july 1, 1943, public and private college enrollment increased by 100,000 participants, helping reverse the sharp wartime downward trend.
the v-12 navy college training program was designed to supplement the force of commissioned officers in the the navy v-12 program was created to generate a large number of officers as well as to offset the dropping enrollment at duncan, usn (ret.) in this audio excerpt from his oral history, admiral duncan describes the navy, navy v 12 program definition, navy v 12 program definition, army specialized training program ww2, navy v-5 program, navy v-7 program.
the naval v-12 program was established by the war department on university campuses during world war ii to provide the navy with a continuous supply of officers. northwestern’s v-12 unit was a history of the navy v-12 program during world war ii. the program provided opportunities for young men whose world war ii. between , and , more than 125,000 men were enrolled in the v-12 program in, u.s. navy v 7 program, world war 2 90-day wonders, u.s. naval academy world war 2, atsp wwii
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