therefore, the aim of rehabilitation programs for people with acl injury is to normalize dynamic knee joint stability and muscle strength of the lower extremity. before discharge from the hospital, the subjects were randomly assigned to participate in 1 of the 2 rehabilitation programs. the rehabilitation programs were administered at 2 outpatient rehabilitation centers (the st program at the norwegian sport medicine clinic and the nt program at the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation, ullevaal university hospital). each trial consisted of 3 repetitions for each of the 4 motions (flexion and extension of both legs), resulting in a total of 12 repetitions. all exercises in the st program were based on american college of sports medicine (acsm) recomendations44 and current practice in our clinic for people with acl reconstruction. exercises in phase 1 were rom exercises in prone and supine positions, in addition to the use of a stationary bicycle. in addition, student t tests were used to determine group differences (nt and st) at the 6-month follow-up as well as for time of test differences. at 3 months, there were no significant differences between the nt group and the st group for any of the outcome measurements (table). the results of this study indicated that, although there were small differences between the nt program and the st program, the nt program was superior to the st program in improving knee function after acl reconstruction.
the magnitude of the treatment effect (effect size) for the nt group indicated a large change in subject-reported knee function compared with a moderate treatment effect for the st group according to the cohen index.45 however, there were no differences between the 2 groups for the other secondary outcome measures and no significant differences early (3 months) after surgery. despite some similarities, there were obvious and significant differences between the 2 rehabilitation programs regarding both the type of exercises and the criteria for progression for the st exercises versus the nt exercises. this might be the reason for the significantly higher number of visits and hours spent at the outpatient clinic for the subjects in the st group compared with the nt group. there were no differences between the 2 programs early after surgery, but a significant benefit of nt exercises was recorded by the cincinnati knee score and vas after the intervention, at the 6-month follow-up after surgery. the criterion for discontinuing the use of crutches is no limping. the criterion for discontinuing the use of crutches is no limping. the criterion for discontinuing the use of crutches is no limping. the criterion for discontinuing the use of crutches is no limping. the criterion for discontinuing the use of crutches was no limping. the criterion for discontinuing the use of crutches was no limping.
the results of this study suggest that exercises included in the nt program should be part of the rehabilitation program therefore, both muscle strength training (st) programs and neuromuscular training (nt) programs have background and purpose the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a 6-month neuromuscular training, neuromuscular training exercises, neuromuscular training exercises, neuromuscular training after acl reconstruction, neuromuscular training pdf, neuromuscular re-education exercises. unlike conventional strength training, neuromuscular exercise addresses the quality of movement and emphasizes joint control in all three biomechanical/movement planes. neuromuscular exercise has effects on functional performance, biomechanics, and muscle activation patterns of the surrounding joint musculature.
terior cruciate ligament (acl) injury, but neuromuscular training may. center for clinical bearing positions. the traditional strength training sive versus a nonaggressive rehabilitation p r ~ g r a m . ~. summary of: risberg m, holm i, myklebust g, engebretsen. l (2007) neuromuscular training versus strength training. neuromuscular training versus strength training during first 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament, neuromuscular exercises for elderly, neuromuscular control exercises, neuromuscular control exercises for knee, neuromuscular re-education exercises for lower back
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