by examining potential mechanisms of change and moderators of outcome we will not only be able to answer the question whether the interventions work, but also how, under what conditions, and for whom. in this study we aim to compare the effect of pst and mi on fab and to examine the underlying mechanisms of these interventions. besides the desirable effects of mi on attention, research showed that they led to an increase in acceptance of unpleasant experiences (e.g., negative thoughts and emotions or bodily sensations, ). the mi interventions showed medium to large effect sizes, a range between 0 (disposal of an information sheet) and 8 contact hours and lasted between 4 and 8 weeks. in order to do this, we examine mediators of pst and mi and analyze differential predictors of the two. the primary objective of this study is to assess the effects of pst and mi in promoting fab in elite athletes. a sport psychologist trained in specialized pst interventions will explain the expected sport-specific benefits to the participating athletes and advise athletes to do homework between group sessions. a sport psychologist trained in specialized mindfulness-based interventions will explain the expected sport-specific benefits to the participating athletes and advise athletes to do formal and informal mindfulness practices at home between group sessions. to assess perceived attention control in games or competitions, we will use the respective subscale of the tops. both interventions are hypothesized to improve fab and reduce the extent of psychological variables that may prevent fab compared to a waiting-list control group. the use of the ambulatory-assessment method has the advantage of being very close to what athletes are actually doing and experiencing in games or competitions (i.e., a high external validity). birrer d and röthlin p. riding the 3rd wave: working with cbt and mindfulness-based interventions in sport. preliminary psychometric properties of the acceptance and action questionnaire-ii: a revised measure of psychological flexibility and acceptance.
testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. initial psychometric properties of the experiences questionnaire: validation of a self-report measure of decentering. mindfulness and acceptance models in sport psychology: a decade of basic and applied scientific advancements. hardy j. speaking clearly: a critical review of the self-talk literature. effects of mindfulness on meta-awareness and specificity of describing prodromal symptoms in suicidal depression. changes in the self concept and athletic performance of weight lifters through a cognitive-hypnotic approach: an empirical study. madden g, mc gown c. the effect of hemisphericity, imagery, and relaxation on volleyball performance. research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science. röthlin p, horvath s, birrer d, güttinger l, and grosse holtforth m. kognitive interferenz im sport – validierung einer deutschsprachigen version des “thoughts occurence questionnaires sport” (toqs); cognitive interference in sports – validation of a german version of the “thoughts occurence questionnaire sport” (toqs). effects of a mindfulness intervention on sports‐anxiety, pessimism, and flow in competitive cyclists. the neuroscience of mindfulness meditation. measuring decentering as a unidimensional construct: the development and initial validation of the decentering scale for sport. all participants will be asked to provide written informed consent to participate in the study and for the anonymous publication of their data. psychological skills training and a mindfulness-based intervention to enhance functional athletic performance: design of a randomized controlled trial using ambulatory assessment.
psychological skills training. pst encompasses a set of techniques, namely self- talk, imagery, goal psychological skills training (pst) is the deliberate, systematic practice of strategies and methods psychological skills training (pst) involves training athletes and exercisers to learn psychological skills (e.g., relaxation, psychological skills training phases, psychological skills training phases, psychological skills training pdf, psychological skills examples, what are psychological skills. what is psychological skill training? it is a systematic training of mental skills to enhance sport performance. psychological skills training positions athletes to develop better concentration, higher confidence, detail, less worry, positivity, and commitment.
psychological skills training (pst) is an individually designed combination of methods selected to psychological skills training (pst) refers to consistent practice of mental or psychological skills. coaches and athletes “psychological skills training (pst) refers to the systematic and consistent practice of mental or, a comprehensive psychological skills training program involves:, types of psychological skills, psychological skills training self-talk, psychological skills training goal setting
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